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Northern Ireland Private Greens Bowling League (NIPGBL)
Introduction Disciplinary Rules
Section 1 Jurisdiction
Section 2 Misconduct
Section 3 Procedure
Section 4 Representation before the Disciplinary Committee or Appeal Committee
Section 5 Deliberations
Section 6 Notification of Decisions
Section 7 Disposal
Section 8 Appeals
Section 9 Standards and Burdens of Proof
Section 10 Multiple Incidents
Section 11 Publicity
Section 12 Additional Provisions Procedures
The object of the Disciplinary Rules is to set down rules and procedures with a view to obtaining justice in disciplinary proceedings and to ensure that decisions are made in a fair, consistent, impartial, independent and expeditious manner.
1.1 These Disciplinary Rules shall apply to
(i) all office bearers of the NIPGBL,
(ii) all clubs affiliated to the NIPGBL
(iii) individual members of clubs affiliated to the NIPGBL in respect of whom a capitation fee has been paid.
1.2 The General Purposes Committee shall from time to time appoint a Disciplinary Committee made up of persons who, by virtue of their knowledge of bowls or experience in disciplinary processes, Committee considers are well placed to hear and determine disciplinary issues arising out of alleged misconduct.
1.3 The General Purposes Committee shall from time to time appoint an Appeals Committee made up of persons who, by virtue of their knowledge of bowls or experience in disciplinary processes, Committee considers are well placed to hear and determine appeals against decisions of a Disciplinary Committee.
1.4 Committees shall ordinarily comprise five members, but the quorum shall be three persons. No member with an interest in the case to be heard shall be appointed or otherwise sit.
1.5 No person sitting at first instance on a Disciplinary Committee shall be appointed to a subsequent appeal in the same matter.
1.6 All decisions shall be by majority unless there is an even number on the committee in which case the Chairman shall have the casting vote.
2.1 The conduct which may be brought before a Disciplinary Committee is: –
(a) any conduct which may be considered to bring the sport of bowls into disrepute or which is considered to be detrimental to the best interests of the sport of bowls.
(b) any alleged breach of the Code of Conduct by a player who is representing the NIPGBL.
(c) any alleged breach of a policy of any other body or organisation to which the NIPGBL is a member of or affiliated to and which the party is expected to comply with.
3.1 The General Purposes Committee shall consider any suspicion of misconduct that it is made aware of and determine whether a complaint ought to be raised in respect of an Officer, club or person suspected of misconduct.
3.2 It shall be open to the General Purposes Committee, at any point in time prior to the determination of proceedings before a first instance Disciplinary Committee, to impose a provisional suspension and/or any other interim order on any person or club who is the subject of a complaint and proceedings.
3.3 Only the General Purposes Committee shall be entitled to put a complaint before the Disciplinary Committee.
3.4 Any person who wishes to notify the General Purposes Committee of any alleged misconduct against any person to whom these Disciplinary Rules apply should notify the Honorary General Secretary of the NIPGBL in writing, unless the matter is in respect of the Honorary General Secretary in which event notification should be made to the NIPGBL President.
3.5 The decision of the General Purposes Committee as to whether a complaint should be raised is entirely at the discretion of Committee and is final and binding and is not a decision that may be appealed.
3.6 A complaint shall be sent to an accused person or club in writing by the Honorary General Secretary. The complaint shall set out the alleged misconduct and invite a written response within 21 days of the date of the complaint confirming whether the accused person or club: –
(a) admits the complaint, and wishes to say nothing further;
(b) admits the complaint, and encloses a written statement of factors relevant to the question of sanction;
(c) admits the complaint, and requests a hearing on sanction; or
(d) disputes the complaint and encloses a written statement of defence.
3.7 At the same time as issuing a complaint, the General Purposes Committee shall appoint a Disciplinary Committee to determine the complaint and any sanction that follows.
3.8 In the event that no written response is received by the Honorary General Secretary within 21 days of the date of the complaint, the accused person or club shall be deemed to have admitted the complaint and the Disciplinary Committee shall proceed to determine and issue a sanction.
3.9 In the event that an accused person or club admits the complaint, that will be considered by the Disciplinary Committee as a mitigating factor when determining any sanction.
3.10 On receipt of a defence to the complaint, or a request for a hearing on sanction, the Chair of the Disciplinary Committee shall fix a hearing and notify the parties of the date, time and place of hearing.
3.11 A complaint may be brought notwithstanding that the party against whom the complaint is brought may be separately under investigation by any regulatory authority or in respect of any alleged criminal behaviour arising from the same or connected circumstances. Proceedings further to these Disciplinary Rules shall be stayed if there are criminal proceedings connected to or arising out of the same circumstances as the complaint.
3.12 Unless otherwise directed by the Chair of the Disciplinary Committee the party against whom the complaint is brought shall set out, in writing, no later than 48 hours prior to the commencement of the hearing
(i) whether they have any preliminary matters to raise and
(ii) who shall attend the hearing and in what capacity. At the same time copies of any documentary or other evidence to be produced and relied on at the hearing must be lodged by the party with the Disciplinary Committee and provided to the other side.
3.13 The Disciplinary Committee shall have the power to regulate its own procedure and to determine any matter arising under or in connection with the Disciplinary Rules (except in relation to appeals when the Appeal Committee shall be entitled to exercise such powers) and in so doing may waive any requirement of and/or extend any period of time provided for in these Disciplinary Rules. All decisions and procedural directions taken shall have due regard to the requirements of natural justice. Subject to the foregoing it shall ordinarily be for the Honorary General Secretary to place before the Disciplinary Committee the complaint and all supporting material. The function of the Honorary General Secretary shall be to assist the Disciplinary Committee in its inquisition of the complaint. For the purposes of the Disciplinary Rules, the General Purposes Committee shall be regarded as a party to proceedings and shall act through the Honorary Secretary.
3.14 It shall be the duty of any party wishing to call a witness to ensure their attendance. Subject at all times to the direction and control of the Chair of the Disciplinary Committee, the parties can take evidence from witnesses, and cross examine witnesses at any hearing.
3.15 The Disciplinary Committee shall not be bound by any rule of evidence and shall be entitled to receive and consider such evidence as it considers appropriate, including expert evidence, attaching such weight to evidence put before it as it sees fit. The Disciplinary Committee shall have the power to summon witnesses to any hearing or call for any documents or other evidence to be produced at or in advance of any hearing and all persons and parties who are subject to this Disciplinary Rules shall comply and cooperate with the same. At any hearing the Disciplinary Committee shall be entitled to ask such questions of any witness as it considers fit and undertake such investigations as it considers appropriate.
3.16 Ordinarily a decision shall be taken as to liability (whether the complaint is upheld or not) and separately a decision shall be taken as to sanction, albeit both decisions can be taken at the same hearing.
3.17 The Disciplinary Committee shall have the power to postpone or adjourn a hearing on the application of any party to the proceedings or on its own motion.
4. Representation before the Disciplinary Committee or Appeal Committee
4.1 Any person or club in respect of whom a complaint is made may be legally represented at any hearing. In addition, a person who is a member of a club in membership of the NIPGBL and who wishes to be accompanied by a club official may request the same. Where a club is the subject of proceedings the club should be represented by no more than 2 officials of the club.
4.2 Any individual who is the subject of a complaint or who is a witness and is under the age of 16 years must be accompanied by one of his or her parents or legal guardian.
5.1 The deliberations of the Disciplinary Committee and the Appeal Committee shall be in private.
6 Notification of decisions
6.1 The decision shall be notified in writing to all interested parties as soon as reasonably practicable after conclusion of the hearing and where practicable no later than 10 working days from the date of hearing. When it considers it appropriate the Disciplinary or Appeal Committee may deliver an oral decision at the conclusion of a hearing. In the event that an Appeal is lodged, the Disciplinary Committee shall be entitled to supplement its reasons either at its own discretion or at the direction of the Appeal Committee.
7.1 In the event that the Disciplinary Committee determines that a complaint brought before it has been established and is upheld, the Disciplinary Committee may impose whatever penalty it considers appropriate. The Disciplinary Committee shall have regard to any guidelines or direction published from time to time by the NIPGBL and in force at the time regarding the same. Examples of sanctions include, but are not limited to:
(a) a caution;
(b) warning as to future conduct;
(d) a suspension for a period of time from playing lawn bowls at any member club of the NIPGBL;
(e) exclusion from participating in any competition for a period of time;
(f) expulsion from the NIPGBL; or
(h) any combination of the above.
7.2 Sanctions shall ordinarily take immediate effect. However, they may be delayed in commencing or suspended at the discretion of the Disciplinary Committee.
8.1 The party who has been the subject of a decision of the Disciplinary Committee (“the Appellant”) shall have the right to appeal against such decision, but only if a notice of appeal is lodged in writing with the General Purposes Committee (via the Honorary General Secretary), within 7 days of the issue of the decision of the Panel. Such notice shall state the ground(s) of appeal and contain the full reasons and basis upon which the appeal is being pursued.
8.2 The Appeal Panel shall be entitled to regulate its own procedure in according with the principles outlined above for first instance proceedings. The appeal may be determined by way of written representations and without the need for a personal hearing at the discretion of the Appeal Committee.
8.3 Appeals shall typically proceed by way of review. A re-hearing of the case considered at first instance shall not be permitted unless the Appeal Committee is satisfied that there was an error in the decision of the Disciplinary Committee and that error requires the case to be re-heard anew. Admission of any new evidence not considered at first instance shall only be permitted at the discretion of the Appeal Committee and upon cause shown by the person lodging the appeal including a full explanation as to why the evidence was not produced earlier and placed before the Disciplinary Committee at first instance.
8.4 Where an appeal hearing is to take place in person the Appellant and any other party to the appeal proceedings shall have the right to be present and be accompanied by their legal representative, if any, at the hearing of the appeal.
8.5 In disposing of the appeal the Appeal Committee may decide to:
(a) affirm the decision of the Disciplinary Committee;
(b) uphold the appeal by setting aside the decision appealed against and quashing any penalty imposed by the Disciplinary Committee;
(c) uphold the appeal in part by setting aside part only of the decision appealed against and/or modify, reduce or increase any penalty imposed;
(d) substitute for the decision appealed against a decision to find the relevant party guilty of a lesser or more serious offence and/or to impose a lesser penalty or penalties;
(e) uphold the appeal and remit the issue to the Disciplinary Committee for reconsideration and re-determination by them;
(f) defer consideration of the appeal pending receipt of information, evidence or clarification from the Disciplinary Committee or from a person not present at the appeal hearing;
(g) stay a suspension imposed by the Disciplinary Committee pending the determination of an appeal; and/or
(h) take any steps which in the exercise of its discretion the Appeal Committee consider it appropriate to take in order to deal justly with the appeal.
8.6 The decision of the Appeal Committee shall be advised to the Appellant as soon as practicable after the conclusion of the hearing. When it considers it appropriate the Appeal Committee may deliver an oral decision at the conclusion of a hearing.
8.7 Where an appeal is taken the determination arrived at and/or the sanction imposed by the Disciplinary Committee shall not be automatically stayed pending resolution of the appeal. A party against whom a decision has been made and by whom an appeal has been taken shall be entitled to ask that the imposition of the determination and/or sanction be stayed pending resolution of the appeal and the Appeal Committee shall consider the same as a preliminary matter. The Appeal Committee will, when deciding whether to stay any determination or sanction, have regard to all such matters as it considers appropriate in determining the application including but not limited to the interests of the sport, any prejudice that may arise and the impact that any such stay may have on any other party.
9 Standards and Burden of Proof
9.1 The standard of proof on all matters shall be proof on the balance of probabilities.
10 Multiple Incidents
10.1 Where disciplinary proceedings, however arising, are taken against more than one person or entity as the result of a related incident or incidents such proceedings may be heard together, where the Disciplinary Committee so determines, provided there is no manifest prejudice to any person against whom such disciplinary proceedings are taken.
11.1 The NIPGBL may publish details of any misconduct or offence together with the sanction imposed or other determination and the identity of the person or club concerned. The Disciplinary Committee and/or Appeal Committee shall be entitled to recommend that publication takes place.
12 Additional Provisions Procedures
12.1 Procedures or proceedings under these Rules or any decision of a Disciplinary Committee or Appeal Committee shall not be quashed or held invalid by reason only of any defect, irregularity, omission or technicality unless such results in a material doubt as to the reliability of the findings or decision of the Disciplinary Committee or Appeal Committee, or results in a miscarriage of justice.
12.2 In respect of any matter not provided for in these Rules, a decision of the Disciplinary Committee or, as the case may be, the Appeal Committee shall be taken according to the general principles of fairness and justice.
12.3 The Honorary General Secretary may appear at any hearing in person or through a nominee and they may be legally represented.
12.4 As a general rule all parties shall bear their own costs and expenses but the Disciplinary Committee and/or the Appeal Committee shall be entitled to make an award of expenses against one or more parties as they see fit. In respect of an appeal, an appellant shall lodge £100 with the notice of appeal (unless waived by the General Purposes Committee) as a contribution towards administrative costs of the appeal. No action shall be taken to register or progress an appeal until the NIPGBL has received the appeal fee (unless waived by the General Purposes Committee) in cleared funds. Failure to ensure that the NIPGBL is in receipt of the appeal fee by no later than 7 days from the date of lodging of the appeal shall lead to the appeal being dismissed.
12.5 Where any member of a Disciplinary Committee or Appeal Committee is unable to sit or to continue sitting in any matter the remaining members shall be entitled to continue to sit as a Committee and determine all matters before them.
12.6 In the event of non-attendance by any party to proceedings the Committee may continue and hear any matter and reach a conclusion in the absence of that party, including but not limited to reaching a determination, imposing a sanction or disposing of an appeal in that party’s absence.
12.7 The decision of a Disciplinary Committee that is not competently appealed and the decision of any Appeal Committee shall be final and binding on all parties.